Typical CS complex is composed of one SAT and two O-Acetyl-Serine-(Thiol)-Lyases (OAS-TL, Cthe_1842, 46.5 kDa) [33, 34], but we did not detect OAS-TL. It is likely that OAS-TL was masked by the very abundant protein, Cthe_1020. Detection
of CS in the membrane fractions has been reported in other studies [9, 35]. Ornithine carbamoyltransferase (OTCase, Cthe_1869, 34 kDa) was identified at ~100 kDa, probably in a typical homo-trimer form [36–39]. Some studies suggest that OTCase is a cell surface protein [40, 41] whereas Shi et al.  reported that OTCase maybe a membrane-associated protein based on SRT2104 sequence analyses. selleck compound Our results support the membrane location of OTCase. ATP-dependent metalloprotease AZD2171 purchase FtsH (Cthe_2253, 66.6 kDa) was detected at over 880 kDa. FtsH is a cytoplasmic membrane-integrated protein that functions to processively degrade both cytoplasmic and membrane proteins in concert with protein unfolding and is known to form a large membrane-spanning holoenzyme of more than 1000 kDa with the prohibitin-like proteins HflK and HflC  or in a hexameric ring structure [44, 45]. Although HflK and HflC homologues were not detected from the gel, our results indicate that FtsH forms a large complex on the membrane. Complexes in translation, ribosomal
structure and biogenesis Polyribonucleotide phosphorylase (PNPase, Cthe_0418, 77 kDa) was identified at ~150 kDa in the gel at a size of a dimer. It was reported to form a homo-trimer in eukaryotes, bacteria, and archaea [46–50] and was found in membrane fractions [51, 52]. Complexes DOCK10 in inorganic ion transport and metabolism We detected ferritin (Cthe_0016, 18.6 kDa) at ~440 kDa, indicating that it is intact in a typical 24 mer form on BN-PAGE [53, 54]. But ferritin was also detected at over 110 kDa on SDS-PAGE, maybe due to incomplete denaturation. Ferritin is a well known membrane-bound protein. Membrane Transport Complexes Three solute binding
proteins (BP, Cthe_1020, Cthe_1555, Cthe_1754), two ATP binding cassette proteins (ABC, Cthe_1557, Cthe_1862), one integral membrane component (IM, Cthe_1018), and an ABC transporter (Cthe_3148) with fused ABC and IM domains were identified from the SDS gel. ABC transporter diverged into three main classes: Class 1 is comprised of fused ABC and IM domains; Class 2 is comprised of two tandem repeated ABC domains with no IM domains, this class likely does not function as transporters; Class 3 contains independent IM and ABC domains, that correspond to most BP-dependent importers. A typical class 3 ABC transporter complex consists of one BP, two ABCs and two IMs, but the interactions of BP with the complex are weak, so most often only ABC and IM were isolated in a transporter complex [56, 57]. In Gram-positive bacteria, BP is either tethered to the cell surface via an N-terminal Cys residue covalently attached to the lipid membrane or by interaction with the IM component of a transporter complex .