The results suggested two types of undulation in the tabletting d

The results suggested two types of undulation in the tabletting data: (1) short-time scale variation or tablet-to-tablet changes in force data and (2) long-time scale undulation describing the changes occurring throughout the tabletting process, such as segregation. These undulation phenomena were analysed, using various mathematical methods. In addition the results suggest that smaller particles this website have better tabletting properties, to a certain limit. However particle size alone cannot explain the tabletability of granules. (C) 2010 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.”
“Introduction: The 19q12 locus is amplified in a subgroup of oestrogen receptor

(ER)-negative grade III breast cancers. This amplicon comprises nine genes, including cyclin E1 (CCNE1), which has been proposed as its ‘driver’.

The aim of this study was to identify the genes within the 19q12 amplicon whose expression is required for the survival of cancer cells harbouring their amplification.\n\nMethods: We investigated the presence of 19q12 amplification in a series of 313 frozen primary breast cancers and 56 breast cancer Blasticidin S cell lines using microarray comparative genomic hybridisation (aCGH). The nine genes mapping to the smallest region of amplification on 19q12 were silenced using RNA interference in phenotypically matched breast cancer cell lines with (MDA-MB-157 and HCC1569) and without (Hs578T, MCF7, MDA-MB-231, ZR75.1, JIMT1 and BT474) amplification of Vorinostat manufacturer this locus. Genes whose silencing was selectively lethal in amplified cells were taken forward for further validation.

The effects of cyclin-dependent kinase 2 (CDK2) silencing and chemical inhibition were tested in cancer cells with and without CCNE1 amplification.\n\nResults: 19q12 amplification was identified in 7.8% of ER-negative grade III breast cancer. Of the nine genes mapping to this amplicon, UQCRFS1, POP4, PLEKHF1, C19ORF12, CCNE1 and C19ORF2 were significantly overexpressed when amplified in primary breast cancers and/or breast cancer cell lines. Silencing of POP4, PLEKHF1, CCNE1 and TSZH3 selectively reduced cell viability in cancer cells harbouring their amplification. Cancer cells with CCNE1 amplification were shown to be dependent on CDK2 expression and kinase activity for their survival.\n\nConclusions: The 19q12 amplicon may harbour more than a single ‘driver’, given that expression of POP4, PLEKHF1, CCNE1 and TSZH3 is required for the survival of cancer cells displaying their amplification. The observation that cancer cells harbouring CCNE1 gene amplification are sensitive to CDK2 inhibitors provides a rationale for the testing of these chemical inhibitors in a subgroup of patients with ER-negative grade III breast cancers.”
“A 28-year-old Pakistani man was admitted with unresolved severe headaches for the past four weeks.

5 (vs <= 0 5) was associated with a sharp increase in all meas

5 (vs <= 0.5) was associated with a sharp increase in all measured plasma PDGF isoforms (P = 0.006 for AA, KU-57788 ic50 0.002 for BB, 0.045 for AB); a decreased median progression-free survival of 3.3 months vs 6.8 months (hazard ratio (HR) 2.5; P = 0.006 in log-rank test) and an inferior median overall survival

of 20 months vs > 30 months (HR 3.1; P = 0.04 in log-rank test). By contrast, in the docetaxel plus imatinib arm, the association of Pr-Decr-pPDGFR > 0.5 with a rise in plasma PDGF isoform concentrations and inferior survival was not observed. The data suggest that dynamic changes in PDGFR phosphorylation in peripheral blood leukocytes predict docetaxel efficacy. Rising plasma PDGF concentrations may explain and/or mark docetaxel resistance. Validation and mechanistic studies addressing these unexpected findings should anticipate a confounding influence of concurrent PDGFR inhibitor

“The generation of TCR proteins is the result of V(D)J recombinase-mediated genomic rearrangements at recombination signal sequences (RSS) in human lymphocytes. V(D)J recombinase can also mediate rearrangements at nonimmune or “cryptic” RSS in normal and leukemic human peripheral T cells. We selleck chemicals previously demonstrated age-and gender-specific developmental differences in V(D)J coding joint processing at cryptic RSS within the HPRT locus in peripheral T cells from healthy children (Murray et al. 2006. J. Immunol. 177: 5393-5404). In this study, we investigated developmentally specific V(D)J recombinase TCR beta immune gene rearrangements and coding joint processing at RSS in peripheral Syk inhibitor T cells in the same pediatric population. This approach provided a unique opportunity to investigate site-specific V(D) J recombinase rearrangements and coding joint processing at immune and nonimmune

genes from the same individual T cell population. We determined the genomic sequence of 244 TCR beta coding junctions from 112 (63 male, 49 female) subjects from the late stages of fetal development through 9 y of age. We observed both age-and gender-specific V(D)J recombinase-mediated TCR beta gene usage and coding joint processing at immune RSS. To the best of our knowledge, these data represent the first description of age- and gender-specific developmental differences in TCR gene usage and coding joint processing that could directly influence TCR diversity and immune specificity. It will be important for future studies to ascertain the mechanistic etiology of these developmental and gender differences in TCR diversity and specificity, as well as their importance with respect to the age and gender risks for infectious and autoimmune diseases in humans. The Journal of Immunology, 2012, 189: 2356-2364.”
“PPARs belong to a receptor family of ligand-activated transcription factors involved in the regulation of inflammation.

METHODS: A 58-year-old woman with a history of T3N0 squamous

\n\nMETHODS: A 58-year-old woman with a history of T3N0 squamous cell carcinoma of the tongue with extensive surgical resections and radiotherapy presented to the emergency department with further wound dehiscence and exposure of the left cervical internal carotid artery (ICA). Digital subtraction angiography PND-1186 (DSA) was performed with the patient under

conscious sedation. An Ascent balloon, 4 mm x 15 mm, was prepared and introduced into the proximal ICA. While the patient was fully awake, temporary balloon occlusion (TBO) was performed for 30 minutes. The Ascent balloon was kept inflated. Through the inflated Ascent balloon, coil embolization of the proximal ICA was initiated. The interstices of the coils were filled with Onyx 18 and Onyx 34 liquid embolic agents (ev3 Neurovascular, Inc, Irvine, California, USA).\n\nRESULTS: The Ascent balloon can be used as a temporary balloon device and as a coil or Onyx embolization device. As a result, fewer catheters, guidewires, and balloon inflations and deflations are required for the procedure, which is both cost-effective and time-efficient. The combination of initial coiling to create a framework for the deconstruction with a liquid embolic agent (Onyx) is a safe and

efficient technique for vessel deconstruction. Flow arrest with proximal balloon occlusion minimizes the risks of distal thromboembolic events during embolization.\n\nCONCLUSIONS: This novel technique for temporary and permanent vessel occlusion

with a single microcatheter is CH5424802 ic50 both cost-effective and time-efficient.”
“DNM2 is a ubiquitously expressed GTPase that regulates multiple subcellular processes. Mutations in DNM2 are a common cause of centronuclear myopathy, a severe disorder characterized by altered skeletal muscle structure and function. The precise mechanisms underlying disease-associated DNM2 mutations are unresolved. We examined the common DNM2-S619L mutation using both in vitro and in vivo approaches. Expression of DNM2-S619L in zebrafish led to the accumulation of aberrant vesicular structures and to defective excitation-contraction coupling. Expression of DNM2-S619L in COS7 cells resulted in defective BIN1-dependent tubule formation. These data suggest that DNM2-S619L causes disease, in part, by interfering with membrane tubulation.”
“Foraging animals can acquire new information about food sources either individually or socially, but they can also opt to rely on information that they have already acquired, termed “personal information”. Although social information can provide an adaptive shortcut to new resources, recent theory predicts that investing too much time in acquiring new information can be detrimental.

Results: The ICC was 0 86 for the agreement between the HQ an

\n\nResults: The ICC was 0.86 for the agreement between the HQ and the DHI, and 0.77 and 0.85 for the repeatability of the HQ and the DHI, respectively. There were no statistically significant systematic differences in mean intake values between the 2 methods

or between repeated measurements. In subgroup analysis of background variables, there were only minor differences in agreement and repeatability, with somewhat higher ICC values among subjects with a healthier lifestyle and higher education.\n\nConclusions: The high reliability and homogeneity of the health questionnaire make it a useful tool for measuring habitual coffee consumption for selleck the purposes of epidemiological research.”
“Soy protein hydrolysates are used as the most cost effective medium supplement to enhance cell growth and recombinant protein productivity in cell cultures. Such hydrolysates contain diverse classes of compounds,

such as peptides, carbohydrates and phenolic compounds. To identify if specific compounds dominate the functionality of hydrolysates in cell cultures, thirty QNZ NF-��B inhibitor samples of hydrolysates with different cell culture performances were analyzed for chemical composition using an untargeted metabolomics approach. Out of 410 detected compounds, 157 were annotated. Most of the remaining 253 compounds were identified as peptides, but could not be annotated exactly. All compounds were quantified relatively, based on their average signal intensities. The cell growth and total immunoglobulin (IgG) production, relative to the CD medium (100%), ranged from 148 to 438% and 117 to 283%, respectively. Using bootstrapped stepwise regression (BSR), the Selleckchem VX809 compounds with the highest inclusion frequency were identified. The most important compound, i.e. phenyllactate and ferulate explained 29% and 30% of the variance for cell growth and total IgG production, respectively. Surprisingly, all compounds identified in the BSR showed a positive correlation with cell growth and total IgG production. This knowledge can be applied to monitor the production and accumulation of these compounds during

the production process of hydrolysates. Consequently, the processing conditions can be modulated to produce soy protein hydrolysates with enhanced and consistent cell culture performance. (C) 2013 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.”
“People differ in their susceptibility to developing cancer on exposure to carcinogens such as tobacco. What causes this is largely unknown. One possibility is that it is determined by nutritional influences during development that permanently change the structure and function of the baby’s body. We studied an older and a younger cohort, totaling 20,431 men and women, born in Helsinki during 1924-1933 and 1934-1944. Their body size at birth had been recorded. Of them, 385 had developed lung cancer. Smoking history was known for 6,822 people.

J Clin Oncol 28:2768-2776 (C) 2010 by American Society


J Clin Oncol 28:2768-2776. (C) 2010 by American Society

of Clinical Oncology”
“Object. Brain metastases present a therapeutic challenge because patients with metastatic cancers live longer now than in the recent past due to systemic therapies that, while effective, may not penetrate the blood-brain barrier. In the present study the authors Staurosporine cost sought to validate the Diagnosis-Specific Graded Prognostic Assessment (DS-GPA), a new prognostic index that takes into account the histological characteristics of the primary tumor, and the Radiation Therapy Ontology Group Recursive Partitioning Analysis (RPA) system by using a single-institution database of patients who were treated initially with stereotactic radiosurgery (SRS) alone for brain metastases.\n\nMethods. Investigators retrospectively identified adult patients who had undergone SRS at a single institution, MD Anderson Cancer Center, for initial treatment of brain metastases between 2003 and 2010 but excluded those who had undergone craniotomy and/or whole-brain radiation therapy at an earlier time; the final number was 251. The Leksell Gamma Knife was used to treat 223 patients, and a linear accelerator was used to treat 28 patients. The patient population was grouped according to DS-GPA scores as follows: 0-0.5(7 patients), 1 (33 patients), 1.5 (25 patients), 2 (63 patients),

2.5 (14 patients), 3 (68 patients), and 3.5-4 (41 patients). The same patients were also grouped according to RPA classes: U0126 chemical structure 1 (24 patients), 2 (216 patients), and 3 (11 patients). The most common histological diagnoses were non small cell lung cancer (34%), this website melanoma (29%), and breast carcinoma (16%). The median number of lesions was 2 (range 1-9) and the median total tumor volume was 0.9 cm(3) (range 0.3-22.9 cm(3)). The median radiation dose was 20 Gy (range 14-24 Gy). Stereotactic radiosurgery was performed as

the sole treatment (62% of patients) or combined with a salvage treatment consisting of SRS (22%), whole-brain radiation therapy (12%), or resection (4%). The median duration of follow-up was 9.4 months.\n\nResults. In this patient group the median overall survival was 11.1 months. The DS-GPA prognostic index divided patients into prognostically significant groups. Median survival times were 2.8 months for DS-GPA Scores 0-0.5, 3.9 months for Score 1, 6.6 months for Score 1.5, 12.9 months for Score 2, 11.9 months for Score 2.5, 12.2 months for Score 3, and 31.4 months for Scores 3.5-4 (p < 0.0001). In the RPA groups, the median overall survival times were 38.8 months for Class 1, 9.4 months for Class 2, and 2.8 months for Class 3 (p < 0.0001). Neither the RPA class nor the DS-GPA score was prognostic for local tumor control or new lesion free survival.

3% in patients with clinical signs of NCSE Their diagnostic util

3% in patients with clinical signs of NCSE. Their diagnostic utility in different cohorts with patients in deep coma has to be studied in the future. (C) 2015 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Inc.. This is an open access article under the

CC BY license (”
“Exosomes and microvesicles (MV) are cell membranous sacs originating Selisistat from multivesicular bodies and plasma membranes that facilitate long-distance intercellular communications. Their functional biology, however, remains incompletely understood. Macrophage exosomes and MV isolated by immunoaffinity and sucrose cushion centrifugation were characterized by morphologic, biochemical, and molecular assays. Lipidomic, proteomic, and cell biologic approaches uncovered novel processes by which exosomes and MV facilitate HIV-1 infection and dissemination. HIV-1 was “entrapped” in exosome aggregates. Robust HIV-1 replication Screening Library ic50 followed infection with exosome-enhanced fractions isolated from infected cell supernatants. MV- and exosome-facilitated viral infections are affected by a range of cell surface receptors and adhesion proteins. HIV-1 containing exosomes readily completed its life cycle in human monocyte-derived macrophages but not in CD4(-) cells. The data support a significant role for exosomes as facilitators of viral infection. The Journal of Immunology, 2012, 189: 744-754.”

RET tyrosine kinase is required for the migration, proliferation, and survival of the enteric neural crest-derived cells (ENCCs) Proteasome inhibitor that form the enteric nervous system (ENS). Hypomorphic RET alleles cause intestinal

aganglionosis [Hirschsprung disease (HSCR)], in which delayed migration and successive nonapoptotic ENCC death are considered to be major contributory factors. The significance of ENCC death in intestinal aganglionosis, however, has remained unclear. We show that elevated expression of Bcl-xL inhibits ENCC death in both Ret-null and hypomorphic states. However, the rescued Ret-null mice showed ENS malfunction with reduced nitric oxide synthase expression in colonic neurons, revealing the requirement of RET for neuronal differentiation. In contrast, the inhibition of cell death allows morphologically and functionally normal ENS formation in Ret hypomorphic mice. These results indicate that ENCC death is a principal cause of intestinal aganglionosis in a Ret hypomorphic state, and suggest that the inhibition of cell death is a route to the prevention of HSCR.”
“Objectives: To determine the prevalence of, and risk factors for anomalous insertions of the umbilical cord, and the risk for adverse outcomes of these pregnancies.\n\nDesign: Population-based registry study.\n\nSetting: Medical Birth Registry of Norway 1999-2009.\n\nPopulation: All births (gestational age >16 weeks to <45 weeks) in Norway (623,478 singletons and 11,263 pairs of twins).

NAC increased GSH contents but BSO decreased in dose-dependent ma

NAC increased GSH contents but BSO decreased in dose-dependent manners. Reflecting changes in GSH, HNE-induced EGFR phosphorylation was suppressed by NAC, whereas it was promoted by BSO. Mandatory expression of hGSTA4 suppressed HNE-induced events. We first demonstrated that the ligand-independent activation of EGFR by the balance between the stimulation of HNE and the prevention of intrinsic GSH/GST system might participate in the development of hESCC. (C) 2011 Wiley-Liss, Inc.”
“Inhalational anthrax is established after inhaled Bacillus andirons spores are transported to the lung JQ-EZ-05 datasheet associated lymph nodes Dendritic cells (CD11c+ cells) located

in the lungs are phagocytes that maintain many capabilities consistent with transport This study investigates the role of dendritic cells as conduits of spores from the lung to the draining lymph nodes The intratracheally spore-challenged mouse model of inhalational anthrax was utilized to investigate in vivo activities

of CD11c+ cells FITC labeled spores were delivered to the lungs of mice. Subsequently lung associated lymph nodes were isolated after infection and CD11c+ cells were found in association with the labeled LY2157299 mouse spores Further investigation of CD11c+ cells in early anthrax events was facilitated by use of the CD11c-diphtheria toxin (DT) receptor-green fluorescent protein transgenic mice in which CD11c+ cells can be transiently depleted by treatment p38 MAPK activation with DT. We found that the presence of CD11c cells was necessary for efficient traffic of the spore to lung associated lymph nodes at early times after infection Cultured dendritic cells were used to determine that these cells are capable of B anthracis spore phagocytosis, and support germination and outgrowth This data demonstrates that CD11c+ cells are likely carriers of B anthracts spores from the point of inhalation in the lung to the lung associated lymph nodes The cultured dendritic cell allows for spore germination and outgrowth supporting the concept

that the CD11c+ cell responsible for this function can be a dendritic cell (C) 2010 Elsevier Ltd All rights reserved”
“To better understand the role of progestins in the C I area of the rostral ventrolateral medulla (RVLM), immunocytochemical localization of progestin receptors (PRs) was combined with tyrosine hydroxylase (TH) in single sections of RVLM from proestrus rat brains prepared for light and electron microscopy. By light microscopy, PR-immunoreactivity (-ir) was detected in a few nuclei that were interspersed between TH-labeled perikarya and dendrites. Electron microscopy revealed that PR-ir was in several extranuclear locations. The majority of PR-labeling was in non-TH immunoreactive axons (51 +/- 9%) near the plasma membrane. Additional dual labeling studies revealed that PR-immunoreactive axons could give rise to terminals containing the GABAergic marker GAD65.

In this study, we examined the possibility of using long-term vol

In this study, we examined the possibility of using long-term volunteer monitoring data as the source of dietary information for 15 resident bird species in Kanagawa Prefecture, Japan. The data were collected from

field observations reported by volunteers of regional naturalist groups. Based on these monitoring data, we calculated the monthly dietary composition of each bird species directly, and we also estimated unidentified items within the reported foraging episodes using Bayesian models that contained additional information regarding foraging locations. Next, to examine the validity of the estimated dietary compositions, we compared them with the dietary information for focal birds based Elafibranor cell line on stomach analysis methods, collected from past literatures. The dietary trends estimated from the monitoring data were largely consistent with the general food habits determined from the previous studies of focal birds. Thus, the estimates based on the volunteer monitoring data successfully detected noticeable seasonal shifts in many of the birds from plant ACY-738 materials to animal diets during spring-summer. Comparisons with stomach analysis data supported the qualitative validity of the monitoring-based dietary information and the effectiveness of the Bayesian models for improving the estimates. This

comparison suggests that one advantage of using monitoring data is its ability to detect dietary items such as fleshy fruits, flower nectar, and vertebrates. These results emphasize the potential importance of observation data collecting and mining by citizens, especially free Selleck Nutlin 3 descriptive observation data, for use in bird ecology studies.”
“The exact mechanisms underlying the weak bronchodilator effect of K(ATP) channel openers on cholinergic stimulations is unknown. The present study was designed

to examine the relaxant efect of pinacidil in guinea-pig trachea stimulated with carbachol by the presence of calcium sensitizer inhibitors; HA 1077, a rhoA kinase inhibitor, and chelerythrine, a protein kinase C inhibitor. Adenosine (10 mu M) was used as other contractile agent for comparison. Tracheal tissues were isolated from ovalbumin sensitized guineapigs and changes in tension were recorded isometrically. Pinacidil (1-100 mu M, cumulatively) and HA 1077 (0.01-30 mu M, cumulatively) produced concentration-dependent relaxations in unstimulated tisues. The relaxant response to pinacidil decreased in carbachol contracted tissues, but increased in adenosine-stimulated tissues. Pretreatment of the tissues with HA 1077 (0.1 mu M) and chelerythrine (10 mu M) increased the pinacidil-induced relaxations by similar to%100 and %40, respectively. Glibenclamide, a KATP channel blocker, partially antagonized the pinacidil response in contracted tissues. Glibenclamide also inhibited the carbachol and adenosine induced contractions. These results suggest that diminish effect of pinacidil may have related to the enhanced calcium sensitization by cholinergic stimulation.

From these, we hypothesized that the upper leaves should not be f

From these, we hypothesized that the upper leaves should not be fully light-saturated even under direct sunlight, but instead should share the light limitation with the shaded lower-canopy leaves, so as to utilize strong sunlight efficiently. Supporting this prediction, within a canopy of H. tuberosus, both the degree of light saturation and Selleck WH-4-023 LAUE were independent of light environment within a canopy, resulting in proportionality between the daily photosynthesis and the daily incident light among the leaves.”
“Arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi are the most

important members of soil microbial community in ecosystem. These useful organisms form an indespensible component of any fertile soil. It is said that a good quality of 1 kg soil is almost equal to 1 kg of gold. Symbiotic relationships of AMF provide an alternative

for survival of plants in highly stressed areas, this association helps in uptake of P as well as other minerals, maintain better water balance, increase plant biomass and produce growth promoting substances. Strategies to promote plantation in poor or degraded soil includes introduction of native AMF in soil. During present study a survey was undertaken in degraded forest areas with certain grasses in Godhra check details and Baria divisions, 115 kms from Vadodara city in India. Rhizospheric soil samples were collected from 22 different places. Soil samples of Heteropogon contortus showed more number of AM spores (220/100 g) as compared to that of Themeda triandra 165/100 g. Kalitalai soil samples

Chloris barbata showed more number of spores (150/100 g) than that of Rampara (110/100 g). The percentage occurence of AM spores was more in Bandheli. Analysis of AM spores resulted in identification of different species belonging to three genera i.e. Glomus, Gigaspora, Taselisib mouse and Acaulospora.”
“During each cell cycle, the mitotic spindle is efficiently assembled to achieve chromosome segregation and then rapidly disassembled as cells enter cytokinesis. Although much has been learned about assembly, how spindles disassemble at the end of mitosis remains unclear. Here we demonstrate that nucleocytoplasmic transport at the membrane domain surrounding the mitotic spindle midzone, here named the midzone membrane domain (MMD), is essential for spindle disassembly in Schizosaccharomyces pombe cells. We show that, during anaphase B, Imp1-mediated transport of the AAA-ATPase Cdc48 protein at the MMD allows this disassembly factor to localize at the spindle midzone, thereby promoting spindle midzone dissolution. Our findings illustrate how a separate membrane compartment supports spindle disassembly in the closed mitosis of fission yeast.”
“A gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA)-producing microorganism was isolated from jeot-gal (anchovy), a Korean fermented seafood. The isolate, A156, produced GABA profusely when incubated in MRS broth with monosodium glutamate (3% (w/v)) at 37 degrees C for 48 h.

All rights reserved )”
“Background: It has been suggested th

All rights reserved.)”
“Background: It has been suggested that sleep apnea syndrome may play a role in normal-tension glaucoma contributing to optic nerve damage. The purpose of this study was to evaluate if optic nerve and visual field parameters in individuals with sleep apnea syndrome differ from those in controls. Patients and Methods: From the records of the sleep laboratory at the University Hospital in Bern, Switzerland, we recruited consecutive patients with severe sleep apnea syndrome proven by polysomnography, apnea-hypopnea index bigger than 20, as well

as no sleep apnea controls with apnea- hypopnea index smaller than 10. Participants had to be unknown to the ophtalmology department and had to have no recent eye examination in the medical history. All participants underwent a comprehensive eye examination, scanning laser polarimetry (GDx VCC, Carl Zeiss Meditec, Dublin, PU-H71 in vitro California), scanning laser ophthalmoscopy (Heidelberg Retina Tomograph II, HRT II), and automated perimetry

(Octopus 101 Programm G2, Haag-Streit Diagnostics, Koeniz, Switzerland). Mean values of the parameters of the two groups were compared by t-test. Results: The sleep apnea group consisted of 69 eyes of 35 patients; age 52.7 +/- 9.7 years, apnea-hypopnea index 46.1 +/- 24.8. As controls served 38 eyes of 19 patients; age 45.8 +/- 11.2 years, apnea- hypopnea index 4.8 +/- 1.9. A difference was found in Compound C mean intraocular pressure, although in a fully overlapping range, sleep apnea group: 15.2 +/- 3.1, range 8-22 mmHg, controls: 13.6 +/- 2.3, range 9-18 mmHg; p smaller than 0.01. None of the extended visual field, optic nerve head (HRT) Apoptosis inhibitor and retinal nerve fiber layer (GDx VCC) parameters showed a significant difference between the groups. Conclusion: Visual field, optic nerve head, and retinal nerve fiber layer parameters in patients with sleep apnea did not differ from those in the control group. Our results do not support a pathogenic relationship between sleep apnea syndrome and glaucoma.”
“The Laasraoui-Jonas (LJ), Kocks-Mecking

(KM), and power law (PW) stress-strain equations pertaining to hot working of metals within the range of moderate strains (i.e., before the occurrence of dynamic recrystallization) are compared. It is shown that it is not possible to select the “best” one to fit a given experimental flow curve, neither in the sigma – epsilon nor in the diagram. Noting that each of the three laws depends on two constitutive parameters, transformation formulae are then derived allowing the parameters of one law to be derived from the parameters of any of the two others. The fit of a given LJ equation by a PW law is then discussed. Finally, the transformation formulae are used to estimate the current rate of dynamic recovery when the flow rule is known in the form a PW law. The above theoretical derivations are illustrated by the specific case of a Fe-C alloy in the ferritic phase domain.