5 nm were systematically covered

by thin films of differe

5 nm were systematically covered

by thin films of different material classes by pulsed laser deposition. All materials used possess a low intrinsic roughness on smooth substrates. As studied by atomic force microscopy, the surface roughness is continuously smoothed out with increasing layer thickness. In all cases, the whole process is strongly frequency dependent as expected from theoretical predictions. The dominant smoothing mechanisms have been identified as surface diffusion for small structures below a critical lateral size and sputter erosion or downhill currents for larger structures. (C) 2010 American Institute of Physics. [doi:10.1063/1.3388591]“
“Microwave Semaxanib endometrial ablation (MEA) is the most commonly used new generation ablative technique in the UK. It is one of the new generation techniques recommended VX-809 concentration for management of menorrhagia by NICE. They are favoured over Tran cervical resection or ablation because of the ease of use and equitable effectiveness. Ablative technique usage has increase over the last few years with a reduction in hysterectomy performed for menorrhagia (RCOG). It is offered to women who have completed their

family. Adverse complication has been described in pregnancy and endometrial resection and ablation, but there is limited evidence about newer techniques and pregnancy outcome. We found four pregnancies in three women. Three pregnancies were terminated at less than 12 weeks gestation. One pregnancy leads to a successful live birth with no complication in the pregnancy.”
“Purpose: Patients with colorectal cancer experience physical, psychological and social challenges. Psychosocial interventions seem to be effective in improving the physical, psychological

and social outcomes of cancer patients. There is a lack of research exploring the effectiveness of pre-operative and postoperative psychosocial interventions on the outcomes of colorectal patients. This literature review aimed to explore the effects of pre-operative and post-operative psychosocial interventions on the outcomes this website of patients with colorectal cancer, including physical, psychological and social functioning, as well as the quality of life.

Methods and sample: A literature search for studies on psychosocial interventions for patients with colorectal cancer published between 2002 and 2012 was undertaken from electronic databases of Medline, CINAHL, Scopus, PsycINFO, Mednar, and Proquest Hand-searching was conducted to find relevant papers from the reference lists of included articles.

Key results: Eleven studies met the inclusion criteria and were included after methodological quality appraisal. A narrative summary was carried out.

Te improves the surface morphology and roughness of ZnO films in

Te improves the surface morphology and roughness of ZnO films in terms of both streak reflection high energy electron diffraction pattern and atomic force microscopy observations. Also, N and Te codoping is helpful to improve the crystallinity and N incorporation efficiency simultaneously. We found EVP4593 mouse that; (a) narrower x-ray linewidth and higher N concentration were obtained by

codoping. (b) Nitrogen related emission lines including donor-acceptor pair and acceptor-bound exciton dominantly emerged in photoluminescence spectra. (c) Codoping enhanced the carrier compensation of native donors in ZnO films and suppressed the dislocation scattering. As a consequence, we concluded that N and Te codoping is very effective for the growth of reliable p-type ZnO films which fulfill the controversial requirements; high N concentration and high crystallinity,

simultaneously. (C) 2010 American Institute of Physics. [doi:10.1063/1.3498800]“
“From seeds of Nigella sativa L (Ranunculaceae), an endemic plant of Uzbekistan, two novel defensins named Ns-D1 and Ns-D2, were isolated and sequenced. The peptides differ by a single amino acid residue and show high sequence similarity to Raphanus sativus L. defensins Rs-AFP1 and Rs-AFP2. The Ns-D1 and Ns-D2 defensins Nirogacestat datasheet display strong although divergent antifungal activity towards a number of phytopathogenic fungi. High antifungal activity of N. sativa defensins makes them promising candidates for engineering pathogen-resistant plants. (C) 2010 Elsevier Masson SAS. All rights reserved.”
“Type GDC-0994 I interferons (IFN-I) link innate to adaptive immunity in microbial infection, autoimmune disease and tumor immunity. It is not known whether IFN-I have an equally central role in alloimmunity. Here we tested this possibility by studying skin allograft survival and

donor-specific CD8+ T-cell responses in mice that lack the IFN-I receptor (IFN-IR-/-). We found that IFN-IR-/- mice reject fully allogeneic wild-type skin grafts at the same rate as wild-type recipients. Similarly, allograft rejection was not delayed if IFN-IR-/- male skin was transplanted to syngeneic IFN-IR-/- female mice. Quantitation of the male (H-Y)-specific CD8+ T-cell response in these mice revealed normal generation of donor-specific CD8+ effector T cells but fourfold reduction in CD8+ memory T cells. Memory CD8+ T cells generated in the absence of IFN-IR had normal phenotype and recall function, assessed by ex vivo cytokine production and the ability of IFN-IR-/- mice to mount second set rejection. Finally, these memory T cells were maintained at a constant number despite their inability to respond to IFN-1.

J Appl Polym Sci 113: 1701-1709, 2009″
“Study Design Prospe

J Appl Polym Sci 113: 1701-1709, 2009″
“Study Design. Prospective cross-sectional measurement study.

Objective. To determine the ability of the Scoliosis Research Society (SRS)-22 questionnaire to discriminate among management and scoliosis severity subgroups and to correlate with internal and external measures of curve severity.

Summary of Background Data. In earlier studies of the SRS-22 discriminative ability, age was not a controlled factor. The ability of the SRS-22 to predict curve severity has not been thoroughly examined.

Methods. The SRS-22 was completed by 227 females with adolescent idiopathic scoliosis. Using Analysis of covariance

analyses controlling for age, Emricasan the SRS-22 scores were compared among management subgroups (observation, brace, presurgery,

and postsurgery) and curve-severity subgroups (in nonoperated subjects: Cobb angles of <30 degrees, 30 degrees-50 degrees, and >50 degrees). A stepwise discriminant analysis was used to identify the SRS-22 domains most discriminative for curve-severity categories. Correlation between 4-Hydroxytamoxifen order SRS-22 scores and radiographic or surface topography measurements was used to determine the predictive ability of the questionnaire.

Results. Pain was better for subjects treated with braces than for those planning surgery. Self-image was better for subjects under observation or postsurgery than for those planning surgery. Satisfaction was better for the brace and postsurgery subgroups than for

the observation or presurgery subgroups. Statistically significant mean differences between subgroups were all larger than 0.5, which is within the range of minimal clinically important differences recommended for each of the 5-point SRS-22 domain scoring scales. Pain and mental health were worse for those with Cobb angles of >50 degrees than with Cobb angles of 30 degrees to 50 degrees. Self-image and total scores were worse for those with Cobb angles of >50 degrees than both other subgroups.

Using discriminant analysis, self-image was the only SRS-22 domain score selected to classify subjects within curve severity subgroups. The percentage of patients accurately classified was 54% when trying to classify within 3 curve severity subgroups. The percentage of patients accurately classified was 73% www.selleckchem.com/products/acalabrutinib.html when classifying simply as those with curves larger or smaller than 50 degrees.

Conclusion. Pain, self-image, and satisfaction scores could discriminate among management subgroups, but function, mental health and total scores could not. The total score and all domain scores except satisfaction discriminated among curve-severity subgroups. Using discriminant analysis, self-image was the only domain retained in a model predicting curve-severity categories.”
“Background: Sudden cardiac death (SCD) from ventricular tachyarrhythmias accounts for approximately 450,000 annual deaths in the United States; many of these cases involve patients with chronic heart failure (HF).

An exploratory study was undertaken to examine pain and other out

An exploratory study was undertaken to examine pain and other outcomes during evacuation and at Landstuhl Regional Medical Center (LRMC), Germany.

Design. A mixed-methods, semistructured interview survey design was conducted on a convenience sample of wounded U. S. soldiers evacuated from Iraq and Afghanistan to LRMC.

Setting and Patients. A total of 110 wounded soldiers evacuated from Iraq and Afghanistan from July 2007 to February 2008 completed a pain survey at LRMC. Data were collected on demographics, injury mechanism, last 24-hour average, least, and worst, and pain now by using a 0-10 scale, and percent pain relief (from 0% [No relief] to 100% [Complete relief]).

see more Similar items and measures of anxiety, distress, and worry during flight transport were measured (from 0 [None] to 10 [Extreme]). Responses were analyzed by using descriptive and correlational statistics, multiple linear regression, Mann-Whitney U-tests, and t-tests. The Walter Reed Army Medical Center, Human Use Committee approved this investigation.

Results. Participants were typically male (99.1%), Caucasian (80%), and injured from improvised explosive devices (60%) and gunshots (21.8%). Average and worst pain scores were inversely correlated with pain relief during transport (r = -0.58 and r = -0.46, respectively; P <

0.001), and low to moderately positively correlated with increased anxiety, distress, and worry during transport (P < 0.05). Average percent pain relief achieved was 45.2% +/- 26.6% during transport and 64.5% +/- 23.5% while at LRMC (P < 0.001). Participants with CPNB catheters LDC000067 purchase placed at LRMC reported

significantly less pain right now (P = 0.031) and better pain relief (P = 0.029) than soldiers without CPNBs.

Conclusions. Our findings underscore the value of early aggressive pain management selleck chemicals after major combat injuries. Increased pain was associated with increased anxiety, distress, and worry during transport, suggesting the need for psychological management along with analgesia. Regional anesthesia techniques while at LRMC contributed to better pain outcomes.”
“Screening is a key tool for early cancer detection/prevention and potentially saves lives. Oral mucosal vascular aberrations and color changes have been reported in hereditary nonpolyposis colorectal cancer patients, possibly reflecting a subclinical extracellular matrix abnormality implicated in the general process of cancer development. Reasoning that physicochemical changes of a tissue should affect its optical properties, we investigated the diagnostic ability of oral mucosal color to identify patients with several types of cancer. A total of 67 patients with several histologically proven malignancies at different stages were enrolled along with a group of 60 healthy controls of comparable age and sex ratio. Oral mucosal color was measured in selected areas, and then univariate, cluster, and principal component analyses were carried out.

“Low-close aspirin has been shown to increase the risk of

“Low-close aspirin has been shown to increase the risk of upper gastrointestinal tract injury. Risk factors in upper gastrointestinal complications

in low-dose aspirin users are less well defined than in other NSAID users, and there are enough intrinsic differences in the two agents to discuss them separately. In particularly, the role of Helicobacter pylori and the benefit of its eradication in decreasing the risk of upper gastrointestinal tract injury in low-dose ASA users remains controversial. Various consensus groups have see more recommended H. pylori testing and eradication in low-dose ASA users with a prior history of peptic ulcer or ulcer bleeding. The basis of this recommendation is derived from a limited, albeit expanding evidence on the role of H. pylori in upper gastrointestinal tract injury in low-dose ASA users and on the effectiveness of H. pylori eradication in reducing the risk of complications such as rebleeding in high-risk

patients. (C) 2012 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.”
“Introduction and objectives: The prevalence of malnutrition among patients with heart failure and the role it might play in prognosis is not currently known. The aim of this study was to analyse the prevalence and risk of malnutrition 4-Hydroxytamoxifen price as well as its possible influence on long-term mortality in patients with heart failure.

Methods: A prospective https://www.selleckchem.com/products/acalabrutinib.html analysis was conducted on 208 patients discharged consecutively from our centre between January 2007 and March 2008 after being hospitalised with heart failure. Before discharge, a complete nutritional assessment was performed and diagnosis of malnutrition

and risk of malnutrition was done with the Mini Nutritional Assessment. Its possible independent association with mortality was assessed by a Cox multivariate analysis.

Results: The mean age of the patients was 73 +/- 10 years, with 46% women; the most common aetiology of heart failure was ischaemia (41%). In addition, 13% were classified as malnourished, 59.5% at risk of malnutrition and 27.5% were well-nourished. At a median follow-up of 25 months, mortality in the three groups was 76%, 35.9% and 18.9%, respectively (log-rank, P < .001). In the Cox multivariate analysis, the malnutrition state was an independent predictor of mortality (hazard ratio 3.75, 95% confidence interval, 1.75-8.02, P = .001).

Conclusions: Malnutrition and the risk of malnutrition are highly prevalent in patients hospitalised for heart failure. Furthermore, we found that the state of malnutrition as defined by the Mini Nutritional Assessment survey is an independent predictor of mortality in these patients.”
“Antiplatelet agents are widely used in primary and secondary prevention of cardiovascular events.

The overall virological relapse rate was 34 1% (211 of 619) The

The overall virological relapse rate was 34.1% (211 of 619). The relapse rate was 59.5% (22 of 37) for patients who received < 6 mg/kg/day of RBV, even if a sufficient click here dose of PEG-IFN alpha-2b (>= 1.5 mu g/kg/day) was received. In contrast, the relapse rate was 28.1% (16 of 57) for patients who received >= 12 mg/kg/day of RBV, irrespective of the PEG-IFN alpha-2b dose. The relapse rates were significantly increased with the reduction of the RBV dose for both PEG-IFN

alpha-2b doses of >= 1.2 and < 1.2 mu g/kg/week (P < 0.0001 and P = 0.0006, respectively). Moreover, the relapse rate was 41.2% (35 of 85) for patients with an early virological response (EVR) who received < 6 mg/kg/day of RBV. The relapse rates were significantly increased with the reduction of the RBV dose in both those patients with an EVR and those with a late virological response (P = 0.0006 and P = 0.0088, respectively). To summarize, for HCV genotype 1 patients treated with PEG-IFN

alpha-2b and RBV, the virological relapse of HCV was RBV dose-dependent, irrespective of the dose of PEG-IFN alpha or the effect of early viral kinetics.”
“The aim of this study was to assess the feasibility of diagnostic and therapeutic outpatient hysteroscopy. Data were collected prospectively from 1109 consecutive hysteroscopy examinations. PFTα in vitro The main outcome measure was success and failure of diagnostic and therapeutic outpatient hysteroscopy examination. The mean age (sd)

was 47.7 (11.8) years and 53.3% and 39.5% of subjects were post-menopausal and nulliparous, respectively. The most common indications for referral were post-menopausal bleeding (39.8%), menorrhagia (25.7%) and irregular periods (14.5%). Hysteroscopy examination was successfully completed in 96.2% (1067/1109) of the subjects. Success was negatively influenced by age and menopausal status but not parity, although the differences between LY3039478 purchase the age groups and pre- versus post-menopausal groups were minimal. The most common abnormalities were intrauterine polyps (425/1109, 38.3%) and submucous fibroids (142/1109, 12.8%). Of these two groups, respectively, 285/425 (67.1%) and 23/142 (16.2%) subjects had complete polyp and fibroid resection in the outpatient setting and 116/425 (27.3%) and 63/142 (44.4%) underwent polyp and fibroid resection under general anaesthesia. In conclusion, diagnostic and therapeutic hysteroscopy is feasible and highly successful in an outpatient setting. The majority of subjects with endometrial polyps and intrauterine adhesions are amenable to a see-and-treat approach. (C) 2009, Reproductive Healthcare Ltd. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All. rights reserved.”
“Biofilms are considered as the most important developmental characteristics in ocular infections. Biofilm eradication is a major challenge today to overcome the incidence of drug resistance.

Formulation (PF6) showed peak detachment force (3 12 N), work of

Formulation (PF6) showed peak detachment force (3.12 N), work of adhesion (0.72 mJ), swelling index (196%), erosion (10.8%), in vivo residence time of 280 min, in vitro drug release (99.65% and 98.96% in 6 h for FDP and PIO, respectively) with higuchi model release profile and permeated 66.1 and 64.6 % with a flux of 0.118 and 0.331 mg/h/cm<SU2</SU of FDP and PIO through porcine buccal membrane. The bioavailability study for optimized formulation

(PF6) in pigs showed 2.05- and 2.13-times statistically significant (p < 0.05) improvement in bioavailability for FDP and PIO, respectively, after administration of buccal tablets compared to oral suspension. The ex vivo–in vivo correlation was found to have a biphasic pattern and followed type A correlation. The stability Vorinostat datasheet of the PF6 was studied and no significant changes were detected in drug content and in vitro release and ex vivo permeation through porcine buccal membrane after 6 months.</.”
“E200K mutation of the prion protein gene (PRNP) presented with a variety of phenotypes. A 55-year-old woman complaining of slowly progressive walking difficulties came to our observation.

She showed a severe progressive ataxo-spastic syndrome but a mild cognitive impairment only. Repeated EEGs showed a diffuse slowing of the rhythm without specificity. Brain MRI revealed by FLAIR showed widespread multiple hyperintensities in the whole cerebral cortex, selleck caudate and putamen nuclei, and in the pulvinar and medial thalamus bilaterally. These signal abnormalities were best detected by DWI with restricted diffusion on ADC map. The clinical diagnosis of possible genetic Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (CJD) has been confirmed by PRNP gene analysis which revealed the presence of a E200K

mutation. This report confirms the heterogeneity of phenotypes in E200K mutated familial CJD with the occurrence of a new phenotype not previously described.”
“Dendrobium officinale is PARP inhibitor an endangered orchid from southeast Asia that is known for its medicinal properties in traditional Chinese medicine. We constructed an integrated genetic linkage map of an F-1 population derived from an interspecific cross between D. officinale and D. aduncum (both, 2n = 38), using expressed sequence tag-simple sequence repeats (EST-SSR) and sequence-related amplified polymorphism (SRAP). A total of 349 polymorphic loci, including 261 SRAP loci and 88 EST-SSR loci, were identified for genetic linkage analysis. The software JoinMap 4.0 was used to construct the genetic maps. A total of 157 loci were arranged into 27 major linkage groups, each containing a minimum of four markers, and a further 23 markers were distributed to five triplets and four doublets, the frame map covered a total distance of 1580.4 cM, with a mean of 11.89 cM between adjacent markers. This primary map of the D. officinale and D.


Results: Rigosertib manufacturer Compared with the 4-throw square knot, the holding strength of the TSOL knot was 143% greater for braided polyblend, 216% greater for polydioxanone, and 118% greater for polyester suture, with a significantly lower knot unraveling rate compared with that of the 4-throw square knot regardless of suture material. The TSOL knot holding strength was also greater than that

of the other surgical knot configurations. The strength and stiffness of tendon repairs with a TSOL knot were significantly increased over those of repairs with a 4-throw square knot.

Conclusions: The TSOL knot provided superior knot holding strength compared with some commonly used surgical knots.”
“Single-walled carbon nanotube field-effect transistors (CNT-FETs) were characterized before and after

gamma radiation treatment PD-1/PD-L1 inhibitor clinical trial using noise spectroscopy. The results obtained demonstrate that in long channel CNT-FETs with a length of 10 mu m the contribution of contact regions can be neglected. Moreover, radiation treatment with doses of 1×10(6) and 2×10(6) rad allows a considerable decrease parallel to the nanotube parasitic conductivity and even the shift region with maximal conductivity to the voltage range of nearly zero gate voltage that improves the working point of the FETs. The Hooge parameters obtained before and after gamma radiation treatment with a dose of 1×10(6) rad are found to be about 5×10(-3). The parameters are comparable with typical values for conventional semiconductors.”
“The objective of this study was to establish whether healthy persons have effusions detectable by ultrasonography (US) in metatarsophalangeal (MTP) and talocrural (TC) joints. Fifty consecutive healthy persons without symptoms in ankles and feet were studied. Thirty-eight of them were women, and their mean age was 47.4 (range 23-62) years. Eighteen of the 500 MTP joints studied in nine

persons and four of the 100 TC joints in three persons showed GSK2126458 in vivo effusions upon investigation. One person had effusion in five MTP joints, one in four, two in two, and the remaining five in one MTP joint. None of the studied joints yielded pathological findings in Doppler US examination. These results indicate that the detection of effusion by grayscale US in the absence of Doppler US in MTP and TC joints can be found in healthy persons.”
“After kidney transplantation, occurrence of anemia in the early post-transplant period (< 1 month) is high and arises out of issues that are multifactorial. We performed a retrospective single-center study to assess whether delivery of high doses of erythropoietin-stimulating agents (ESA) within the first week of kidney transplantation, translates at 1 month post-transplant, in to causing less anemia and whether it has an impact on allograft function. Ninety-nine patients were not given ESA (group I), whereas 82 were (250 IU/kg/week; group II).

One week later, there was complete bronchial dehiscence


One week later, there was complete bronchial dehiscence

followed by a massive hemoptysis. At operation, following resection of necrotic donor bronchus there was a sizeable gap between donor and recipient bronchus, which was bridged with a cryopreserved aortic homograft. The homograft patch provided a satisfactory repair without malacia. The patient required retransplantation six months later for reasons unassociated Proteasome inhibitor with the repair. Homograft aorta proved useful material for salvaging the dehisced lung transplant bronchial anastomosis. (c) 2011 Published by European Association for Cardio-Thoracic Surgery. All rights reserved.”
“AimsTo develop a comprehensive risk-factor model of cannabis use disorders (CUD) based on Kendler’s development model for major depression.

DesignRisk factors were divided into five developmental tiers based

on Kendler’s model of depression (childhood, early adolescence, late adolescence, adulthood, past year). Hierarchical logistic regression models were used to examine the independent contribution of each risk factor. Separate models were built to predict the lifetime risk of cannabis use and the risk of CUD among those with a history of lifetime risk of cannabis use.

SettingData selleck products were drawn from the National Epidemiologic Survey on Alcohol and Related Conditions (NESARC) in the United States.

ParticipantsParticipants consisted of wave 2 of the NESARC (n=34653).

MeasurementsOdds ratios (OR), Adjusted OR (AOR) and confidence intervals (95% CI) were used to determine the risk factors in each tier and with multiple models.

FindingsAfter mutually adjusting for the effect of other risk factors, lifetime history of drug use disorder (AOR=4.78, 95% CI=1.53-14.91), past year alcohol use disorders (AOR=6.55, small molecule library screening 95% CI=2.54-16.89) and independent (AOR=1.57,

95% CI=1.15-2.14) and dependent (AOR=1.25, 95% CI=1.01-1.55) stressful life events predicted lifetime cannabis use. Impulsivity (AOR=2.18, 95% CI=1.34-3.53), past year alcohol use disorders (AOR=4.09, 95% CI=2.29-7.31), greater number of Axis I disorders (AOR=1.56, 95% CI=1.01-2.40) and social deviance (AOR=1.19, 95% CI=1.08-1.32) independently increased the risk of the development of CUD, whereas religious service attendance (AOR=0.50, 95% CI=0.30-0.85) decreased this risk. In both models, the effect of earlier development tiers was mediated by more proximal ones. There were few gender differences in both models.

ConclusionsA modification of Kendler’s risk factor model for major depression which stratifies risk factors into five groups (childhood, early adolescence, late adolescence, adulthood, past year) provides a useful foundation for a comprehensive developmental model of cannabis use and cannabis use disorders.”
“Stroke is a leading cause of mortality and disability in Brazil. Among the risk factors for cerebrovascular disease, some have more influence than others in certain stroke subtypes.

Cytotoxic T-Iymphocyte-associated antigen-4 (CTLA-4) serves as a

Cytotoxic T-Iymphocyte-associated antigen-4 (CTLA-4) serves as a negative regulator of immunity. Recent trials administering fully-human anti-CTLA-4 monoclonal antibodies to patients with melanoma have demonstrated survival benefits. However, treatment with anti-CTLA-4 antibodies Bafilomycin A1 in vitro is not without potential toxicities. Autoimmune side-effects, such as diarrhea, bowel inflammation and dermatitis, were the most commonly reported. To build upon the activity seen with anti-CTLA-4 antibodies, both in toxicity and efficacy profiles, there has been significant

interest in investigating combinations with vaccination strategies. In recent trials, patients who were vaccinated with autologous tumor cells engineered to secrete granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor, and were then infused with anti-CTLA-4 antibodies, demonstrated clinically-significant antitumor immunity without grade-3 or -4 toxicity in most patients. Etomoxir order These data demonstrate how manipulation of immune regulation has produced

patient benefits, and this area is a rich avenue for future investigation.”
“Background: Overnight stays in farming huts are known to pose a risk of malaria infection. However, studies reporting the risk were conducted in the settings of poor net coverage. This study sought to assess whether an overnight stay in a farming hut is associated with an increased risk of malaria infection if insecticide-treated bed nets (ITNs) are properly used.

Methods: Selleck Crenolanib A pair of cross-sectional surveys was carried out in the Lamarm district of Sekong province, Laos, in March (dry season) and August (rainy season) in 2008. Questionnaire-based interviews and blood examinations were conducted with farmers and their household

members from three randomly selected villages in March (127 households, 891 people) and August (128 households, 919 people). Logistic regression analysis, adjusted for potential confounding factors, was used to assess the association between malaria infection status and frequency of overnight stays for the two weeks prior to the study in both the seasons.

Results: In March, 13.7% of participants reported staying overnight in a farming hut at least once in the previous two weeks. The percentage increased to 74.6% in August. Not only adults but also young children stayed overnight as often as adults. The use of an ITN the preceding night was common both in farming huts (66.3% in March, 95.2% in August), and in main residences (85.8% in March, 92.5% in August). Logistic regression analysis showed no statistical association between malaria infection status and frequency of overnight stays in farming huts in either study period.