While global economic data from WHO or from other countries are o

While global economic data from WHO or from other countries are often used as a reference, data from Korea are always preferred, and local studies are sometimes recommended, since the economic and disease burden parameters change from country to country. The results

of economic evaluations conducted by vaccine producers usually are not considered, because of the obvious concern of bias. The KACIP and sub-committees do not have set rules on ranking the various factors and types of data (e.g., disease burden vs. vaccine cost-effectiveness) in order of importance when making recommendations. This is because specific factors, such as the potential for disease outbreaks, whether the disease has seasonal peaks, and the groups most affected by the disease (e.g., children vs. adults), differ for each disease and thus the committee considers the preponderance of data when making FK228 supplier recommendations. Sub-committees also make recommendations concerning measures selleck compound for controlling the disease they focus on that go beyond immunization. For example, in response to an outbreak of pertussis among infants, in 2009, the Sub-committee on Diphtheria/Tetanus/Pertussis and Polio held meetings

to develop recommendations concerning case management and surveillance, as well as immunization. These recommendations included the isolation of pertussis patients and the distribution of antibiotics for prophylactic use among the patient’s contacts; polymerase chain reaction testing to diagnose all suspected pertussis patients, where available; a survey to determine what proportion of patients

with chronic cough have pertussis; and the replacement of the tetanus–diphtheria (Td) Bay 11-7085 booster for adolescents with the new tetanus–diphtheria–acellular pertussis (Tdap) vaccine. The KCDC ordered the implementation of the medical-related recommendations immediately in public health facilities, while the vaccine-related recommendations have been sent to the KACIP to address at its next meeting in 2010. The launch and successful implementation of Korea’s Hepatitis B Perinatal Transmission Prevention Program illustrates the important role of both the World Health Organization in setting goals for the National Immunization Program, and the KACIP and ancillary working groups in developing practical recommendations to achieve these goals. In 2002, the Western Pacific Office of WHO (WPRO) set the goal for the region to reduce hepatitis B transmission from mothers to their infants, with a benchmark for countries to achieve a seroprevalence rate of hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg) in children 5 years and older of <2% by 2012 [2]. In response, the KACIP established the following goals: (1) reduce the seroprevalence rate of HbsAg in the total population to <1% within 10 years; (2) achieve 95% coverage of the 3rd dose of hepatitis B vaccine in infants; and (3) strengthen the disease surveillance system to monitor and evaluate progress with hepatitis B control.

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