Using rpoB DPRA, we differentiated Mycobacterium tuberculosis com

Using rpoB DPRA, we differentiated Mycobacterium tuberculosis complexes

(MTC) from NTM with 235 base pair (bp) and 136 bp PCR amplicons in AFB smear-positive BACTEC cultures. The 136 bp rpoB duplex PCR amplicon was further digested with MspI and HaeIII (rpoB DPRA) to divide the NTM species into eight easily distinguishable groups (A–H) as described by Kim et al. [10]. Using two phenotypic characters (growth rate and photoreactivity on pigment production) and two simple biochemical assays (nitrate reduction test and Tween 80 hydrolysis test) [11], the mycobacterial species were identified. However, the sub-culture and biochemical tests for this algorithm took three weeks. In the present study, we developed RepSox purchase a rapid and effective algorithm for identification of mycobacteria by combined rpoB DPRA and hsp65 PRA with Alpelisib ic50 CE. Results Mycobacteria identification There were 376 AFB smear-positive BACTEC culture tubes (positive BACTEC cultures), including 200 MTC and 176 NTM-containing BACTEC cultures. A further 20 bacteria were MGIT positive but AFB culture smear

negative, and these were classed as contaminated and excluded from subsequent evaluation. By rpoB duplex PCR, all of the 200 MTC-containing BACTEC cultures and the 176 NTM-containing BACTEC cultures showed 235-bp and 136-bp PCR amplicons specific for MTC and NTM, respectively. The species were identified according to the flow chart shown in Figure 1. Figure 1 An flow chart of the identification of Mcobacterial species from clinical specimens by combined rpo B duplex PCR(DCR) and hsp 65 PCR-Restriction Fragment Length Polymorpgism analysis(PRA). Concordant results from rpoB DPRA and hsp65 PRA Combining rpoB DPRA and hsp65 PRA with computer-aided CE gave an accuracy rate of 100% (200/200) for MTC and 91.4% (161/176) for

NTM (Table 1). Table 1 Comparison of hsp65 RFLP, rpo B RFLP ADAM7 patterns, 16 S rDNA sequences and conventional biochemical identification in 361 isolates with concordant results rpoB RFLP pattern hsp65 RFLP pattern 16 S rDNA sequence identification Conventional biochemical BACTEC culture number Concordance rate       identification     T M. tuberculosis type 1 M. tuberculosis M. tuberculosis 200 100%(200/200)   NTM NTM NTM 161 91.4%(161/176) A M. abscessus type1 M. abscessus M. abscessus 29   A M. abscessus type 2 M. abscessus M. abscessus 41   A M. fortuitum type 1 M. fortuitum M. fortuitum 33   A M. fortuitum type 2 M. fortuitum M. fortuitum 2   A M. check details peregrinum type 1 M. peregrinum M. fortuitum* 5   A M. peregrinum type 2 M. peregrinum M. fortuitum* 8   A M. peregrinum type 3 M. peregrinum M. fortuitum* 1   A M. chelonae type 1 M. chelonae M. chelonae 1   A M. mucogenicum type 1 M. mucogenicum M. mucogenicum 2   A M. smegmatis type 1 M. smegmatis M. smegmatis 2   B M.

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