Twenty-eight patients with a histologically proven glioblastoma o

Twenty-eight patients with a histologically proven glioblastoma or metastasis were included in the study. Following the definition of regions of interest, DTI metrics [mean diffusivity (MD) and fractional anisotropy (FA)] were calculated for the tumour volume and the surrounding region of peritumoral oedema. These metrics were then subjected to logistic regression to investigate their ability to discriminate between glioblastomas and cerebral metastases. A cross-validation was performed to investigate the ability of the model to predict tumour. The logistic regression analysis correctly distinguished glioblastoma in 15 of 16 cases (93.8%) and metastasis in 11 of 12 cases (91.7%).

Cross-validation resulted in the model correctly predicting 14 of 16(87.5%) glioblastomas and 10 of 12(83.3%) metastases studied. MD was significantly higher (p = Selleck CHIR99021 0.02) and FA was significantly lower DNA Damage inhibitor (p = 0.04) within the oedema surrounding metastases than within the oedema around glioblastomas. MD was significantly higher (p = 0.02) within the tumour

volume of the glioblastomas. Our results demonstrate that, when DTI metrics from the tumour volume and surrounding peritumoral oedema are studied in combination, glioblastoma can be reliably discriminated from cerebral metastases. Copyright (C) 2010 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.”
“The optical properties of mechanochromic materials change under mechanical stress. Segmented polyurethanes are elastomers composed of amorphous, saturated chain soft segments, and rigid pi-conjugated hard domains. Within aggregates of hard domains pi-pi interactions may form and result in perturbation of the optoelectronic properties of the system. Disruption and restoration of these electronic interactions selleck inhibitor within the material may lead to observable mechanochromic response. A series of oligothiophene diols and diamines, as well as a naphthalene diimide diol, have been synthesized for incorporation into

the hard domains of segmented polyurethanes and polyureas using long poly(tetramethylene oxide) chains as soft segments. The resulting polymers were evaluated to determine their extent of polymerization and their thermal stability. The optical properties of the materials were studied in solution and as thin films. Where possible the electrochemical properties of the polymers were also explored. The length of the soft segment chains in the segmented polyurethanes hindered electronic coupling of hard domains. Future work involving smaller, more solubilizing soft segments may allow for easier material characterization and mechanochromic response. (C) 2011 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Polym Sci Part A: Polym Chem 49: 4861-4874, 2011″
“The present study evaluated the effect of replacing elephant grass (EG) with moist pineapple by-product silage (PS) on the apparent digestibility, consumption of digestible nutrients and performance of 25 castrated male lambs Santa Ines crossbreds.

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