Towards that end, a variational multiscale approach to predict mixed mode in-plane cohesive crack propagation is presented here. To demonstrate applicability and to provide validation of the finite element based predictive methodology, a comparative study of the numerical results with the corresponding experimental observations
of crack propagation in laminated fiber reinforced composite panels is presented. (C) 2012 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.”
“Food drying kinetics is usually studied by Buparlisib measuring the product average moisture content as a function of time, known as the drying curve, for constant air conditions. The slope of this curve is the drying rate. Most food drying studies consider that the drying rate decreases from the start, and propose the use of diffusion models. However, some authors have observed that in high-moisture foods there is an
initial period with a constant drying rate and a linear drying curve which is assumed to be externally controlled. A model similar to that used for pure water evaporation is usually proposed but this does not consider internal EPZ5676 nmr moisture gradients. Here, drying curves were recorded for fruit pectic gels and an initial linear variation of the drying curve was observed. By applying an analytical solution of diffusion for mass transfer Biot number = 2, (the internal resistance is twice the external) in plane sheets, the linear behaviour was predicted for the average moisture content at early stages in the drying curve. However, a variant of this solution, which predicts moisture content as a function of time for the surface and several positions within the plane sheet, was utilised. Under the same conditions, it was found that all curves differed one to the other (internal gradients) and none was linear. Linear drying behaviour therefore appears to be restricted to the average moisture content only and
CH5424802 nmr for a limited period, and thus the constant rate period of drying in high-moisture foods does not follow convective, purely external controls. (c) 2008 IAgrE. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.”
“In France, international adoption includes around to 90,000 children since 1980 and near 300,000 immigrant children were counted in 2008. This population is heterogeneous, according to age and country of origin, and its large number. It is not easy to completely and surely assess the vaccine status of the child. Due to a great variability of individual situations, it is not possible to have systematic and unchangeable rules. This article aims to give an update of catch-up vaccination of internationally adopted or refugee or migrant children in France. The vaccination status of a child who recently arrived in France is complex and has to be adapted to his country of origin. Some of them were never vaccinated whereas the vaccine status of others is uncertain or unknown.