These sequences were submitted to GenBank and were assigned the a

These sequences were submitted to GenBank and were assigned the accession numbers HM773966–HM775073. One hundred and sixty-two IgG1 sequences were also amplified from Australian samples. A number of VDJ sequences were found that aligned to a recently identified germline IGHV3 gene (HM855939). The IGHV3-NL1*01 gene was seen in seven VDJ rearrangements (accession numbers HM773984, HM774108, HM774124, HM774201, HM774302, HM774729, and HM774738). One of these

is an IgG3 sequence (HM774124) that contains no somatic point mutations. Alignments were also seen to 12 other recently identified IGHV allelic variants, including IGHV1-8*02 (HM855457), IGHV1-18*03 (HM855463), IGHV3-7*03 click here (HM855666), IGHV3-9*02 (HM855577), IGHV3-11*06 (HM855329), IGHV3-21*03 (HM855323), IGHV3-21*04 (HM855688), IGHV3-33*06 (HM855436), IGHV3-48*04 (HM855336), IGHV3-53*04 (HM855453), IGHV4-59*11 (HM855471) and IGHV7-4-1*04 (HM855485).

In total, alignments were seen to 91 different IGHV genes and allelic variants. Despite the use of primers specific for the VH1, VH3 and VH4 gene families, many sequences were also amplified that utilized the IGHV5 family genes. In fact, the IGHV5 family genes as well as IGHV1-69 alleles were over-represented in all data sets, when compared with previously reported rearrangement frequencies [21]. Analysis of the VDJ junctions showed the mean CDR3 lengths of PNG IgG sequences to vary between 14.9 (IgG2) and 16.6 amino acids (IgG3), while the IgE sequences had a mean length of 15.4. These differences were not statistically PLEK2 significant. Within the junctions, all previously reported functional IGHD genes were observed. Alignments were also seen to one or more allele of each IGHJ gene, including both IGHJ3*01 and IGHJ3*02. IGHJ3*01 was originally reported as part of a haplotype that includes IGHJ4*01 and IGHJ5*01. In an earlier bioinformatic study of VDJ rearrangements, we failed to find convincing evidence for the existence of these three alleles [24]. The alignments seen in this study confirm the existence of IGHJ3*01, although no convincing alignments were observed to IGHJ4*01 or IGHJ5*01.

In the PNG data sets, 64 sets of clonally related sequences were seen, involving a total of 175 sequences. Forty-four sets contained two sequences, 12 sets contained 3 sequences, 3 sets contained 4 sequences, 2 sets contained 5 sequences and 3 additional sets contained 6, 7 and 16 sequences, respectively. Seven sets contained clonally related sequences from different isotypes, including three sets of mixed IgG1/IgG2 sequences, three set of IgG1/IgG4 sequences and one set of IgG1/IgE sequences. Clonally related sequences were particularly common amongst the IgG4 sequences. Of the 154 IgG4 sequences, 55 (35.7%) sequences were related to other IgG4 or IgG1 sequences. In contrast, only 69 of the 482 IgG1 sequences, 23 of the 288 IgG2, 16 of the 59 IgG3 and 12 of the 125 IgE sequences were members of clonally related sets.

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