The new method was evaluated for real-time MRI studies using highly undersampled radial gradient-echo sequences. ResultsAME reconstructions for a motion phantom with controlled
speed as well as for measurements of human heart and tongue movements demonstrate improved temporal fidelity and DAPT chemical structure reduced residual undersampling artifacts when compared with NLINV reconstructions without motion estimation. ConclusionNonlinear inverse reconstructions with aggregated motion estimation offer improved image quality and temporal acuity for visualizing rapid dynamic processes by real-time MRI. Magn Reson Med 72:1039-1048, 2014. (c) 2013 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.”
“Background: The present study was aimed to investigate the effects of microinjection of histamine and its H-1, H-2 and H-3 receptor antagonists, mepyramine, ranitidine and thioperamide, respectively, into the anterior cingulate cortex (ACC) on pain-related behaviors induced by formalin in rats. Methods: Two stainless steel guide canulas were bilaterally implanted into the ACC of anaesthetized rats. For induction of pain, intraplantar (ipl) injection of a 2.5% formalin solution was performed. The duration of paw licking/biting and the number of paw flinching were recorded in 5 min blocks for 60 min. Locomotor activity was assessed using an open-field
test. Results: Formalin produced a marked biphasic pattern of pain. Histamine reduced the second phases of paw licking/biting JQ1 order and flinching. Mepyramine (2 mu g/side) prevented the suppressive effect of histamine IWR-1-endo supplier (1 mu g/side) on second phase of pain, but at a dose of 8 mu g/side it did not inhibit the suppressive effects of 4 mu g/side of histamine. Ranitidine at doses of 2 and 8 mu g/side prevented histamine (1 and 4 mu g/side)induced antinociception. Thioperamide not only suppressed the second phases of pain, but also increased the suppressive effect of histamine. Naloxone prevented suppressive effects of histamine and thioperamide on pain. Mepyramine (8 mu g/side) suppressed locomotor activity. Conclusion: The results of the present study showed pain suppressing effects for histamine. Histamine
H-2 and H-3, and to a lesser extent, H-1 receptors might be involved in histamine-induced antinociception. Opioid receptors might be involved in suppressive effects of histamine and thioperamide. (C) 2015 Institute of Pharmacology, Polish Academy of Sciences. Published by Elsevier Sp. z o.o. All rights reserved.”
“BACKGROUND: This work deals with the development of an active heterogeneous catalyst for selective organic synthesis under both visible light and UV irradiation to utilize efficiently solar light. Very few studies have been reported on the selective photooxidation performance of multimetal oxide materials under visible light irradiation. The photocatalytic degradation of azodyes was investigated systematically in aqueous NiO/Ag3VO4 dispersion under visible light irradiation.