Methods: A systematic search of the Medline database was performe

Methods: A systematic search of the Medline database was performed with the purpose of identifying risk factors, signs and symptoms, imaging strategies, and selleckchem treatment modalities of bare metal stent infections, both coronary and peripheral.

Results: In total, 76 additional studies/case reports (48 non-coronary; 29 coronary) were included and analyzed. Intravascular bare metal stent infections are a rare but

serious complication, often leading to emergency surgery (overall: 75.3%; non-coronary cases: 83.3%; coronary cases: 62.1%). In 25.0% of the non-coronary cases, infection led to amputation of an extremity or removal of viscera. Reported mortality was up to 32.5% of the cases (non-coronary: 22.9%; coronary 48.3%). Physicians should always be suspicious of a stent infection when patients present with aspecific symptoms such as fever and chills after stent placement. Additional imaging can be used to detect the presence of a pseudoaneurysm. A PET-CT is an ideal medium for identification of a stent infection.

Conclusions: Intravascular stent infection is associated with a high selleck screening library risk of morbidity and mortality. Surgery is

the preferred treatment option, but not always possible, especially in patients with a coronary stent. In selected cases, bare metal stent infections may be prevented by the use of prophylactic antibiotics at stent placement. (C) 2013 European Society for Vascular Surgery. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.”
“Profound research has been

done on the medicinal value of Brassica nigra (BN) seeds, and the leaves of the plant have been investigated in this study. The methanol extracts of the leaves were subjected to several in vitro studies. The antioxidant activity of methanol extract was demonstrated with a wide range of concentration, 10-500 mu g mL(-1), and the antioxidant activity increased with the increase in concentration. Total phenol content was found to be 171.73 +/- 5.043 gallic acid equivalents and the total flavonoid content 7.45 +/- 0.0945 quercetin equivalents. Further quantification and identification of the compounds were done OICR-9429 datasheet by HPTLC and GC-MS analyses. The predominant phenolic compounds determined by HPTLC were gallic acid, followed by quercetin, ferulic acid, caffeic acid and rutin. The free radical quenching property of BN leaf extract suggests the presence of bioactive natural compounds.”
“This study was conducted to determine physiological and functional features of primary and immortalized canine chondrocytes. Chondrocytes were immortalized by introducing the catalytic component of human telomerase namely human telomerase reverse transcriptase (hTERT). Primary chondrocytes lost their characteristic phenotype and growth properties whereas the immortalized cells remained polygonal with rapid growth rate.

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