In the response extinction condition, rats performed a runway approach response to an empty fluid well. In the latent extinction condition, rats were placed at the empty fluid well without performing a runway approach response. Rats trained with the sucrose solution displayed normal extinction behavior in both conditions. In contrast, rats trained with the
cocaine solution showed normal response extinction but impaired latent extinction. The selective impairment of latent extinction indicates that oral cocaine self-administration alters the relative effectiveness find more of multiple memory systems during subsequent extinction training.”
“Objective: To investigate the association of bacterial pneumonia and respiratory failure in children with community-acquired influenza infection presenting to a pediatric intensive care unit.\n\nDesign: Retrospective cohort study.\n\nSetting: Pediatric intensive care unit at an urban academic Fosbretabulin nmr tertiary-care children’s hospital.\n\nPatients: All patients aged <18 yrs admitted to our pediatric intensive care unit with laboratory-confirmed
influenza infection between October 2002 and September 2008.\n\nInterventions: All patients who met our clinical definitions of respiratory failure and bacterial pneumonia were identified. Patients were stratified by presence or absence of chronic medical conditions associated with an increased risk of influenza-related complications.\n\nMeasurements Compound C in vitro and Main Results: There were 59 patients admitted to the pediatric intensive care unit with laboratory-con-firmed community-acquired influenza during the period of study. Twenty-four patients
(41%) had respiratory failure and 14 patients (24%) met the definition of bacterial pneumonia. The risk of respiratory failure was increased in the presence of bacterial pneumonia (p = .04). Adjusting for age and chronic medical conditions, patients with bacterial pneumonia had a 3.7 times greater odds (p = .04) of respiratory failure.\n\nConclusions: Our findings suggest that bacterial pneumonia was associated with increased odds of respiratory failure in both previously healthy children and those with chronic medical conditions. Early aggressive therapy should be considered for patients with severe influenza. (Pediatr Crit Care Med 2011; 12:e181-e183)”
“Bee stings of the eye are uncommon entities and ocular reactions to the bee venom are wide, ranging from mild conjunctivitis to sudden vision loss. We present the case of a patient who suffered a bee sting of the cornea and the response to the poison components. We go through the bee venom properties, its actual treatment, and propose a new management alternative.