CONCLUSION: Circulatory risk profile is present in two thirds of formerly preeclamptic women. Metabolic syndrome, thrombophilia, and hyperhomocysteinemia are prevalent in 10-20%. There is considerable overlap between circulatory risk profile and other profiles, but not among the three other profiles. Prevalence of these risk factors, except thrombophilia, decreases with gestational age at delivery in preceding pregnancy. (Obstet Gynecol 2013;121:97-105) DOI: http://10.1097/AOG.0b013e318273764b”
“The changes in NADPH activity was studied in the roots of 3-4-day-old etiolated pea (cultivar Aksaiskii usatyi) seedlings depending on plant inoculation with Rhizobium leguminosarum
bv. viceae (strain CIAM 1026), adverse environmental factors (low temperature and high dose of a mineral nitrogen fertilizer), chemical substances (sodium nitroprusside and methyl viologen, or paraquat),
and a biotic factor-the bacterium Escherichia coli (strain XL-1Blue). learn more It was demonstrated that all exogenous factors increased the activity of microsomal NADPH oxidase. Rhizobial infection removed the activation caused by exogenous factors only in the case of high nitrogen content in the medium, thereby displaying an antagonistic effect. A synergistic action on the enzyme activity was observed in the variants with combined action of rhizobia + paraquat and rhizobia + E. coli. An increased NADPH oxidase activity coincided with a growth inhibition of pea seedling roots. The results are discussed from the standpoint of the roles of NADPH oxidase and reactive oxygen species in the legume-rhizobium symbiosis.”
“OBJECTIVE: To describe the prevalence, trends, and patterns in use
METHODS: Pregnancies resulting in live births were identified (N=437,950) from 2001 to 2007 among 372,543 females 12-50 years of age at delivery from 10 health maintenance organizations participating in the Medication Exposure in Pregnancy Risk Evaluation Program. Information for these descriptive analyses, including all antidiabetic medications dispensed during this period, was extracted from electronic health records and newborn birth certificates.
RESULTS: A little more than 1% (1.21%) of deliveries were to women dispensed antidiabetic medication in the 120 days before pregnancy. Use of antidiabetic medications before pregnancy increased from 0.66% of deliveries in 2001 to 1.66% of deliveries in 2007 (P<.001) because of an increase in metformin use. Most women using metformin before pregnancy had a diagnosis code for polycystic ovaries or female infertility (67.2%), whereas only 13.6% had a diagnosis code for diabetes. The use of antidiabetic medications during the second or third trimester of pregnancy increased from 2.8% of deliveries in 2001 to 3.6% in 2007 (P<.001).