The mean age of the final study
group was 24.9 years. Among the 358 students included in the analysis, 93% had prior knowledge of meningococcal disease; however, only 49.4% were aware there was a vaccine for the disease. Ninety-six percent of students considered vaccination to be important and 91.3% thought receiving vaccination was reasonable when visiting an area where vaccination was recommended but not required. Although insurance does not cover the cost of meningococcal vaccination in Taiwan (the mean meningo vaccination price is 24.97 USD), 86.3% of students indicated that they would pay for vaccination, even if the vaccination were recommended but not required (Table 1). On two questions about general knowledge of meningococcal disease, fewer than 50% of students answered correctly (Figure 1). For example, only 31.3% of students knew how the disease was transmitted, although approximately 70% were aware of the common symptoms see more of meningococcal diseases. Questions
and expected correct answers: (a) What are the common symptoms of meningococcal meningitis? Answer: Headache, unconsciousness, fever.(b) What is the infectious agent for meningococcal disease? Answer: Bacteria.(c) In what way do you think meningococcal disease is transmitted? Answer: By respiratory droplets.(d) What is the lethal rate of meningococcal meningitis? Answer: Around 10%.(e) Which region has uniquely high risk RGFP966 clinical trial for meningococcal 3-oxoacyl-(acyl-carrier-protein) reductase disease? Answer: Sub-Saharan Africa. Figure 2 shows the items surveyed and percentages of accurate responses about preventive or postexposure management of meningococcal disease. Fewer than half of students could accurately answer
all four questions about how the disease was managed, such as timing of the first vaccination or medical management. For one item, management after close contact, only 17.3% of the students responded correctly. Questions and expected correct answers:(a) What is the suitable management after close contact with meningococcal meningitis patient? Answer: Consulting doctor for medication prophylaxis.(b) What is the meningococcal vaccine revaccination interval? Answer: 3 to 5 years.(c) When should you be vaccinated before travel for enough meningococcal disease protection? Answer: at least 10 days prior to travel.(d) Is there any medication treatment for meningococcal meningitis? Answer: Yes. Results of stepwise logistic regression analysis revealed three statistically significant predicting variables on positive attitudes and willingness of receiving vaccination by cash (Table 2). The analysis showed that students had positive attitudes toward vaccines and were willing to receive vaccination if they understood the mode of transmission (odds ratio: 3.21, 95% CI = 1.117–9.229), medication management (1.88, 1.045–3.38), and epidemiology (2.735, 1.478–5.061).